Stakeholders Visual Essay

Learning Outcome addressed

Explain how Canadians can effect change at the federal and provincial levels (related to policy, legal, and legislation);
Demonstrate knowledge of the challenges faced by Aboriginal people in Canada during the 20th century and their responses, with reference to:
  • Residential Schools
  • Reserves
  • Self Government
  • Treaty Negotiations

Enduring Understandings

  • There are many stakeholders involved in the Treaty Making Process
  • There are many complex issues for different stakeholder groups.
  • Within every group, there are diverse wants and needs.
  • Persistence for what is important may yield results.
  • The Nisga’ a people have achieved a modern-day treaty--overcoming systemic discrimination.
  • The Nisga’a culture is strong and alive today; they embrace their culture and function within a modern society.
  • The Nisga’a quest for a treaty lasted 113 years.
  • Canada’s parliamentary and judicial system of government provides the opportunity for all citizens to effect change.

Essential Questions

  • Who are the stakeholders relating to the Nisga'a Nation?
  • What were the challenges faced by the various Nisga’a delegations in achieving the first modern day treaty in BC?
  • What are the benefits for the Nisga’a people and other stakeholders with a current agreement?
  • What lessons can you learn from the perseverence of the Nisga’a?

Suggested Time

75 minutes


Students will need to take notes while watching the DVD. There are several notetaking options. The two column master collins notetaking sheet works for preparing students for all visual essay topics.

Suggested Activities

Create a Visual Essay
  • Choose one of the suggested topics from above.
  • Choose one Enduring Understanding to focus your essay around
  • Choose 6 to 10 pieces of information that support the Enduring Understanding chosen
  • Support the information with visual images.
    • You will want to have a clear, descriptive title slide using words and/or visual graphic which clearly shows the point you are going to make.
    • Have a clear visual for each slide/page with a few brief points/descriptions.


Your task is to make a visual essay that includes images and point form explanation text.
*Apply critical thinking--including questioning, comparing, summarizing, drawing conclusions, and defending a position--to make reasoned judgements about a range of issues, situations, and topics.
*Demonstrate effective research skills, including:accessing information, assessing information, collecting data, evaluating data, citing sources.

Pursuing Role

You have been asked to summarize/show visually one of the main themes in the DVD Nisga’a: Dancing in Both Worlds.
  • Knowledge of both worlds was important in the Nisga’a 113 year struggle.
  • Elders and leaders have played an important role in the Nisga'a struggle.
  • Nisga'a women are strong role models for the future
  • The Nisga'a are a strong and determined people
  • The Nisga'a have plans for a strong economic future
  • The Nisga'a have a strong, vibrant culture today
  • Show how Frank Calder was an important leader for the Nisga'a and all Aboriginals
  • Show how Joseph Gosnell is an important leader for the Nisga'a
  • Show how Nisga'a youth today dance in both worlds
  • Show Miriam Bright's hopes and dreams for the future and how she can achieve her goals
  • Show how Fishing -- yesterday and today-- is important for the Nisga'a.
  • Define and present the role of Chief Sgat’iin in the Nisga'a struggle.
  • Define and present Chief Arthur Calder's role in the Nisga'a struggle.
  • 1870’s - 1900s the new Christian Religion forced the Nisga’a to pay a heavy price
  • The Nass River Watershed is one of the richest natural environments in the world--mining, forestry, tourism and other stakeholders are very interested with competing interests.
  • Salmon and steelhead are central to Nisga’a culture.
  • The Nisga’a developed one of the most sophisticated cultures in pre-colonial North America
  • The Nisga’a successfully used the British Justice and Canadian Parliamentary systems to achieve their rights
  • Show the role of the Nisga’a fishwheel pre-contact and today.


Your target audience is your peers: teenaged youth with beginning knowledge of the Nisga’a Treaty.


Many people today know little about the Nisga’a’s struggle, about treaty making, and are unsure of how treaties benefit Aboriginal Bands and average citizens.


You need to develop a multi-media presentation (slide show, movie, or text and graphics document) which makes a visual essay. You will have a thesis statement--a statement of what your visual essay will prove. You will choose 4 to 6 graphics from the DVD clipart and/or from internet research that visually represent your thesis. You will have short point form notes that define/describe/state the evidence that is linked to each of the visuals. You may choose to add voice over narration, music or sound clips to further emphasize your visual essay.

View this digital story created by Amber of the Haida First Nation.



Success Criteria: seeRubrics
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